Longitudinal Examination of the Role of Goal Orientation in Cross-Cultural Adjustment
Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 1, pp. 176-184, 2006
10 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2007
In this longitudinal study, the authors introduced goal orientation theory to the study of cross-cultural adjustment. The authors examined relationships among dispositional goal orientation, domain-specific self-efficacy, and cross-cultural adjustment. Results indicated that a learning orientation was positively related to sojourners' academic and social self-efficacy, whereas a performance orientation was negatively related to sojourners' social self-efficacy. Sojourners' academic and social self-efficacy were positively related to academic and social adjustment, respectively. A learning orientation was positively related to academic and social adjustment, and the relationship was mediated by self-efficacy. A performance orientation was not related to adjustment. Finally, academic adjustment was positively related to grade point average. The authors discussed implications for research and practices.
Keywords: goal orientation, self-efficacy, cross-cultural adjustment
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