Longitudinal Examination of the Role of Goal Orientation in Cross-Cultural Adjustment

HKUST Business School Research Paper No. 07-15

Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 1, pp. 176-184, 2006

10 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2007

See all articles by Yaping Gong

Yaping Gong

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST)

Jinyan Fan

Hofstra University - Hofstra College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Abstract

In this longitudinal study, the authors introduced goal orientation theory to the study of cross-cultural adjustment. The authors examined relationships among dispositional goal orientation, domain-specific self-efficacy, and cross-cultural adjustment. Results indicated that a learning orientation was positively related to sojourners' academic and social self-efficacy, whereas a performance orientation was negatively related to sojourners' social self-efficacy. Sojourners' academic and social self-efficacy were positively related to academic and social adjustment, respectively. A learning orientation was positively related to academic and social adjustment, and the relationship was mediated by self-efficacy. A performance orientation was not related to adjustment. Finally, academic adjustment was positively related to grade point average. The authors discussed implications for research and practices.

Keywords: goal orientation, self-efficacy, cross-cultural adjustment

Suggested Citation

Gong, Yaping and Fan, Jinyan, Longitudinal Examination of the Role of Goal Orientation in Cross-Cultural Adjustment. HKUST Business School Research Paper No. 07-15; Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 1, pp. 176-184, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1001879

Yaping Gong (Contact Author)

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) ( email )

Clearwater Bay
Kowloon, 999999
Hong Kong

Jinyan Fan

Hofstra University - Hofstra College of Liberal Arts and Sciences ( email )

United States

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