Financing Constraints and Fixed-Term Employment Contracts
55 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2007
Date Written: June 2006
This paper studies the interactions between financing constraints and the employment decisions of firms when both fixed-term and permanent employment contracts are available. We first develop a dynamic model that shows the effects of financing constraints and firing costs on employment decisions. Once calibrated, the model shows that financially constrained firms tend to use more intensely fixed term workers, and to make them absorb a larger fraction of the total employment volatility than financially unconstrained firms do. We test and confirm the predictions of the model on a unique panel data of Italian manufacturing firms with detailed information about the type of workers employed by the firms and about firm financing constraints.
Keywords: Finacing Constraints, Employment, Fixed-Term Contracts
JEL Classification: J21, J23, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation