Melting Pot or Salad Bowl: Some Evidence from U.S. Investments Abroad

49 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2007

See all articles by Utpal Bhattacharya

Utpal Bhattacharya

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - HKUST School of Business and Management

Peter Groznik

University of Ljubljana - Faculty of Economics

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Abstract

We estimate the number of immigrants in the United States classified by their country of origin from census data in 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000. We find, both in cross-sectional tests and in panel data tests, that the size of the immigrant group from a country living in the U.S. is positively correlated with U.S. investments in that country. This national origin bias is strong for direct (FDI) and modest for indirect (equity holdings) investments. The results continue to hold even after controlling for the "fundamentals" hypothesized to affect foreign investments. The other economic geography variables of a country - physical distance from the U.S., race, language and religion - do not seem to affect U.S. investments in that country.

Keywords: Economic geography, Foreign direct investment, Foreign stockholdings, Home bias, Immigration

JEL Classification: G11, G15

Suggested Citation

Bhattacharya, Utpal and Groznik, Peter, Melting Pot or Salad Bowl: Some Evidence from U.S. Investments Abroad. Journal of Financial Markets, 2007; U of Alabama Public Law Research Paper No. 1004984. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1004984

Utpal Bhattacharya (Contact Author)

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - HKUST School of Business and Management ( email )

Clear Water Bay
Kowloon
Hong Kong

Peter Groznik

University of Ljubljana - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Kardeljeva ploscad 17
Ljubljana, 1000
Slovenia

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