International Trade and Domestic Politics: The Domestic Sources of International Trade Agreements and Institutions
The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation: Theoretical Perspectives, 2004
41 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2007
Over the past fifty years, barriers to international trade have decreased substantially. While the decline in protectionism since World War II has stemmed partly from unilateral changes in trade policy by countries, it also has been a result of agreements among countries to liberalize their trade policies. International trade agreements and especially the GATT (now the WTO) have played an important role in this liberalization process. This paper analyzes the conditions under which states have concluded such agreements to lower their trade barriers and joined such international institutions. More generally, it explores the domestic factors affecting international economic cooperation.
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