Second Order Free Riding Problem Solved?

Nature, Vol. 437, September 22, 2005

4 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2007

See all articles by James H. Fowler

James H. Fowler

UC San Diego Division of Social Sciences; University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health

Abstract

A recent model by Panchanathan and Boyd suggests that mutual aid among cooperators can promote large-scale human cooperation without succumbing to a second order free riding problem in which individuals receive aid without giving it. In a companion article, Fehr claims the model "solves [the] second order free riding problem." However, the model does not include second order free riders as one of the possible behavioural types. I present a simplified version of their model to demonstrate how cooperation unravels if second round defectors enter the population.

Suggested Citation

Fowler, James H., Second Order Free Riding Problem Solved?. Nature, Vol. 437, September 22, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1007993

James H. Fowler (Contact Author)

UC San Diego Division of Social Sciences ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://jhfowler.ucsd.edu

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health ( email )

La Jolla, CA
United States

HOME PAGE: http://jhfowler.ucsd.edu

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