Second Order Free Riding Problem Solved?

Nature, Vol. 437, September 22, 2005

4 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2007

See all articles by James H. Fowler

James H. Fowler

UC San Diego Division of Social Sciences; UC San Diego School of Medicine

Abstract

A recent model by Panchanathan and Boyd suggests that mutual aid among cooperators can promote large-scale human cooperation without succumbing to a second order free riding problem in which individuals receive aid without giving it. In a companion article, Fehr claims the model "solves [the] second order free riding problem." However, the model does not include second order free riders as one of the possible behavioural types. I present a simplified version of their model to demonstrate how cooperation unravels if second round defectors enter the population.

Suggested Citation

Fowler, James H., Second Order Free Riding Problem Solved?. Nature, Vol. 437, September 22, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1007993

James H. Fowler (Contact Author)

UC San Diego Division of Social Sciences ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
Code 0521
La Jolla, CA 92093-0521
United States

HOME PAGE: http://jhfowler.ucsd.edu

UC San Diego School of Medicine ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
MC 0507
La Jolla, CA 92093
United States

HOME PAGE: http://jhfowler.ucsd.edu

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