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The Ralph Bunche Centennial: Peace Operations then and Now

Global Governance, Vol. 11, pp. 331-350, 2005

20 Pages Posted: 21 Aug 2007  

James Cockayne

Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation

David Malone

Government of Canada - Foreign Affairs Canada

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Abstract

A century after the birth of a father of peacekeeping, Ralph Bunche, UN peace operations have changed dramatically. The narrowly-defined, lightly-armed, strictly neutral operations of Bunche's day have become complex, multidisciplinary state-building operations. Then, peacekeeping buttressed essentially self-enforcing cease-fires; now, it aims to build the foundations of a self-renewing peace. These changes reflect six deeper shifts: the end of the Cold War; engagement with "internal" conflicts; rising regional organizations; North-South politics; the U.S.-UN relationship; and changes in peace operation mandates. These shifts create three future challenges: state building; reconceiving sovereignty; and the need for realism. The December 2004 High Level Panel Report proposes modest steps toward meeting those challenges, but the burden of realizing the proposed framework rests squarely with UN member states.

Keywords: peacekeeping, peace operations, Ralph Bunche, High Level Panel, civil war

Suggested Citation

Cockayne, James and Malone, David, The Ralph Bunche Centennial: Peace Operations then and Now. Global Governance, Vol. 11, pp. 331-350, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1008170

James Cockayne (Contact Author)

Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation ( email )

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United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.globalct.org

David Malone

Government of Canada - Foreign Affairs Canada

Canada

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