Income Approach and Discount Rates for Valuing Income-Producing Illiquid Assets - Outlines of New Framework: Revisiting the Concepts in Income Approach and Developing the Model of Illiquid Assets Transactional Pricing (Транзакционная модель ценообразования и принцип дисконтирования для оценки приносящих доход неликвидных активов)

Voproci Ocenki Quarterly, Forthcoming

34 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2007

See all articles by Vladimir Borisovich Michaletz

Vladimir Borisovich Michaletz

Independent

Andrey Igorevich Artemenkov

Westminster International University in Tashkent (WIUT)

Igor Lvovich Artemenkov

State University of Management

Abstract

This paper offers outlines of a new model for valuing income-producing illiquid assets (stocks of private companies in industries not quoted on public exchanges, intangible assets, income-producing specialized real property etc) where the valuation is for purposes of determining values-in-exchange (as opposed to investment value). In exploring the principle of discounting for such assets this paper makes a departure from equilibrium 'broad-market' thinking characteristic of CAPM-like models (which seem to be mostly applicable in their field of valuing liquid assets, but the transference of which to valuing assets which are involved only in sporadic exchanges is called into question) and offers a formalization of the new principle of 'transaction equilibrium' (which was inspired by the general definition of Market Value contained in the International Valuation Standards). Proceeding from this principle, it is possible to view the rationale for DCF-based exchange valuations at a new angle and offer alternative justifications for compressing general DCF format into particular income capitalization techniques (such as the Gordon Model, Inwood framework etc). Therefore, this paper offers (in Part 2) alternative derivations of those income capitalization techniques, while Part 1 is devoted to formulating discounting procedure which is seen to be more befitting for cases of valuing illiquid assets in transaction equilibrium conditions. Besides, general DCF framework is a multi-period framework which sits badly with one-period discounting techniques (such as CAPM or APT corollaries) which are having wide currency in practical valuations. The proposed discounting technique is explicitly multi-period and has investment behavioral features of presumed buyers/sellers transacting in illiquid assets for its inputs.

Note: Downloadable document is in Russian. The English version is available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=996016

Keywords: illiquid assets valuation, (оценка стоимости неликвидных активов, ставки дисконтирования, CAPM, анализ ДДП, Модели Гордона, Инвуда, Хоскольда)

JEL Classification: G11,G12, G31

Suggested Citation

Michaletz, Vladimir Borisovich and Artemenkov, Andrey Igorevich and Artemenkov, Igor Lvovich, Income Approach and Discount Rates for Valuing Income-Producing Illiquid Assets - Outlines of New Framework: Revisiting the Concepts in Income Approach and Developing the Model of Illiquid Assets Transactional Pricing (Транзакционная модель ценообразования и принцип дисконтирования для оценки приносящих доход неликвидных активов). Voproci Ocenki Quarterly, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1008875

Andrey Igorevich Artemenkov (Contact Author)

Westminster International University in Tashkent (WIUT) ( email )

12 Istiqbol St
Tashkent, 100047
Uzbekistan

Igor Lvovich Artemenkov

State University of Management ( email )

99, Ruzyanski Prospect
Moscow, 123060
Russia

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