Stakeholder Involvement in the Design of U.S. Voluntary Environmental Programs: Does Sponsorship Matter?

Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 527-543, 2003

17 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2007

See all articles by JoAnn Carmin

JoAnn Carmin

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Urban Studies and Planning

Nicole Darnall

Arizona State University - School of Sustainability

joao mil-homens

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Voluntary environmental programs (VEPs) promise to provide firms and facilities additional flexibility in managing their environmental affairs while increasing internal efficiencies and improving their public image. Although stakeholder input is thought to improve program development, little is known about the extent that stakeholders are involved in the VEP design process. Based on a survey of 61 program managers, this research distinguishes between the intensity and diversity of stakeholder involvement and uses these two concepts to assess VEP development relative to government, industry and third-party sponsorship. Even in the absence of a mandate, all three sponsors include a variety of stakeholders in program design. While there is evidence that collaborative relationships are developing between sponsors and a range of stakeholder groups, variations in the intensity of involvement among sponsors suggest that some stakeholders may have disproportionate levels of influence in the design of VEPs.

Keywords: stakeholder involvement, voluntary environmental programs, program sponsor, program design, stakeholder diversity, stakeholder intensity

JEL Classification: Q29, G38, H19, H42, L33

Suggested Citation

Carmin, JoAnn and Darnall, Nicole and mil-homens, joao, Stakeholder Involvement in the Design of U.S. Voluntary Environmental Programs: Does Sponsorship Matter?. Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 527-543, 2003. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1009418

JoAnn Carmin

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Urban Studies and Planning ( email )

Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Nicole Darnall (Contact Author)

Arizona State University - School of Sustainability ( email )

800 S Cady Mall, PO Box 87402
Tempe, AZ 85287-5402
United States
602.496.0445 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://isearch.asu.edu/profile/1811617

Joao Mil-homens

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

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