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Do Teacher Absences Impact Student Achievement? Longitudinal Evidence from One Urban School District

45 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2007  

Raegen Miller

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education

Richard J. Murnane

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

John B. Willett

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education

Date Written: August 2007

Abstract

Rates of employee absences and the effects of absences on productivity are topics of conversation in many organizations in many countries. One reason is that high rates of employee absence may signal weak management and poor labor-management relations. A second reason is that reducing rates of employee absence may be an effective way to improve productivity. This paper reports the results of a study of employee absences in education, a large, labor-intensive industry. Policymakers' concern with teacher absence rests on three premises: (1) that a significant portion of teachers' absences is discretionary, (2) that teachers' absences have a nontrivial impact on productivity, and (3) that feasible policy changes could reduce rates of absence among teachers. This paper presents the results of an empirical investigation of the first two of these premises; it discusses the third premise. We employ a methodology that accounts for time-invariant differences among teachers in skill and motivation. We find large variation in adjusted teacher absence rates among schools. We estimate that each 10 days of teacher absences reduce students' mathematics achievement by 3.3 percent of a standard deviation.

Suggested Citation

Miller, Raegen and Murnane, Richard J. and Willett, John B., Do Teacher Absences Impact Student Achievement? Longitudinal Evidence from One Urban School District (August 2007). NBER Working Paper No. w13356. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1009806

Raegen Miller (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education ( email )

6 Appian Way
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Richard J. Murnane

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-4820 (Phone)
617-496-3095 (Fax)

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education ( email )

6 Appian Way
Gutman Library 409
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-4820 (Phone)
617-496-3095 (Fax)

John B. Willett

Harvard University - Graduate School of Education ( email )

6 Appian Way
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-3401 (Phone)

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