The Cultural Construct of the Female Body in Classical Greek Science

WOMEN'S HISTORY AND ANCIENT HISTORY, Sarah B. Pomeroy, ed., pp. 111-137, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1991

14 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2007

Abstract

Ancient Greek scientists, notably the Hippocratics and Aristotle, were unconsciously influenced in their interpretation of typical male and female characteristics by the ancient Greek cultural paradigm of masculinity and femininity. By "demonstrating" that these paradigms were grounded in nature, science served to propagate rather than to challenge the cultural ideal of male and female. This is true even though the Hippocratics and Aristotle developed very different theories, with the Hippocratics favoring a "two sex" and Aristotle a "one sex" model.

Keywords: Hippocratics, Aristotle, gynecology, sexuality, gender, ancient medicine, ancient biology, two sex/one sex, sexual characteristics

Suggested Citation

Dean-Jones, Lesley, The Cultural Construct of the Female Body in Classical Greek Science. WOMEN'S HISTORY AND ANCIENT HISTORY, Sarah B. Pomeroy, ed., pp. 111-137, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1991. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1010233

Lesley Dean-Jones (Contact Author)

The University of Texas at Austin ( email )

1 University Station, C3400
Austin, TX 78712
United States

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