The Cultural Construct of the Female Body in Classical Greek Science
WOMEN'S HISTORY AND ANCIENT HISTORY, Sarah B. Pomeroy, ed., pp. 111-137, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1991
14 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2007
Ancient Greek scientists, notably the Hippocratics and Aristotle, were unconsciously influenced in their interpretation of typical male and female characteristics by the ancient Greek cultural paradigm of masculinity and femininity. By "demonstrating" that these paradigms were grounded in nature, science served to propagate rather than to challenge the cultural ideal of male and female. This is true even though the Hippocratics and Aristotle developed very different theories, with the Hippocratics favoring a "two sex" and Aristotle a "one sex" model.
Keywords: Hippocratics, Aristotle, gynecology, sexuality, gender, ancient medicine, ancient biology, two sex/one sex, sexual characteristics
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