Labour and Product Market Competition in a Small Open Economy − Simulation Results Using a DGE Model of the Finnish Economy
54 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2007
Date Written: 2006
Using the DGE model of the Finnish Economy (the 'Aino' model), we study the response of the economy to reforms in both labour and product markets. The reforms are two-fold. We assume that the wage mark-up, ie the monopoly power of wage-setters is gradually reduced by 5 percentage points. At the same time, the degree of competition is increased, ie price margins are exogenously reduced by 2 percentage points. These reforms imply a very favourable outcome of the economy. Both consumption and employment increases permanently and the reforms are welfare enhancing. Public balances improve giving room for 1.5 percentage point cut in income taxes. Our simulation exercises clearly demonstrate that such reforms may help in financing the future fiscal burden of an ageing population.
Keywords: competition, dynamic general equilibrium, public finance
JEL Classification: E60, C68
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation