The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Kenyan Crop Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach

40 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

Date Written: August 1, 2007


This paper measures the economic impact of climate on crops in Kenya. The analysis is based on cross-sectional climate, hydrological, soil, and household level data for a sample of 816 households, and uses a seasonal Ricardian model. Estimated marginal impacts of climate variables suggest that global warming is harmful for agricultural productivity and that changes in temperature are much more important than changes in precipitation. This result is confirmed by the predicted impact of various climate change scenarios on agriculture. The results further confirm that the temperature component of global warming is much more important than precipitation. The authors analyze farmers' perceptions of climate variations and their adaptation to these, and also constraints on adaptation mechanisms. The results suggest that farmers in Kenya are aware of short-term climate change, that most of them have noticed an increase in temperatures, and that some have taken adaptive measures.

Keywords: Climate Change, Environmental Economics & Policies, Common Property Resource Development, Global Environment Facility, Crops & Crop Management Systems

Suggested Citation

Karanja, Fredrick K. and Kabubo-Mariara, Jane, The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Kenyan Crop Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach (August 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4334, Available at SSRN:

Fredrick K. Karanja

University of Nairobi


Jane Kabubo-Mariara (Contact Author)

University of Nairobi ( email )


Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics