Dual Citizenship Rights: Do They Make More and Better Citizens?

33 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2007

See all articles by Francesca Mazzolari

Francesca Mazzolari

University of California, Irvine; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: August 2007


In the 1990s, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Costa Rica and Brazil passed dual citizenship laws granting their expatriates the right to naturalize in the receiving country without losing their nationality of origin. I estimate the effects of these new laws on naturalization rates and labor market outcomes in the United States. Based on data from the 1990 and 2000 U.S. censuses, I find that immigrants recently granted dual nationality rights are more likely to naturalize. They also experience employment and earnings gains, together with drops in welfare use, suggesting that dual citizenship rights not only increase the propensity to naturalize but may also promote economic assimilation. The effects of dual citizenship on improved economic performance, if mediated through naturalization, are consistent with American citizenship conferring greater economic opportunities.

Keywords: immigrants, dual citizenship, naturalization, assimilation

JEL Classification: F22, J15, J20, J30

Suggested Citation

Mazzolari, Francesca, Dual Citizenship Rights: Do They Make More and Better Citizens? (August 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1012791 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1012791

Francesca Mazzolari (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine ( email )

Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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