Gender Equality, Poverty and Economic Growth

57 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Nistha Sinha

Nistha Sinha

World Bank

Dhushyanth Raju

World Bank

Andrew Morrison

World Bank - Latin America and Caribbean Region

Date Written: September 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper reviews empirical findings from economic analyses of the role of gender equality and women's empowerment in reducing poverty and stimulating growth. Going beyond the large literature documenting the impact of female education on a range of development outcomes, the paper presents evidence on the impact of women's access to markets (labor, land, and credit) and women's decision-making power within households on poverty reduction and productivity at the individual and household level. The paper also summarizes evidence from studies examining the relationship between gender equality and poverty reduction and growth at the macro level. Although micro level effects of gender equality on individual productivity and human development outcomes have been well documented and have important ramifications for aggregate economic performance, establishing an empirical relationship between gender equality and poverty reduction and growth at the macro level has proven to be more challenging. The paper concludes by identifying priority areas for future research.

Keywords: Access to Finance, Population Policies, Gender and Law, Gender and Development, Rural Development Knowledge & Information Systems

Suggested Citation

Sinha, Nistha and Raju, Dhushyanth and Morrison, Andrew Robert, Gender Equality, Poverty and Economic Growth (September 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4349. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1014233

Nistha Sinha (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Dhushyanth Raju

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Andrew Robert Morrison

World Bank - Latin America and Caribbean Region ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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