Spatial Mismatch or Racial Mismatch?
48 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2007
Date Written: June 2007
We contrast the spatial mismatch hypothesis with what we term the racial mismatchhypothesis - that the problem is not a lack of jobs, per se, where blacks live, but a lack of jobsinto which blacks are hired, whether because of discrimination or labor market networks inwhich race matters. We first report new evidence on the spatial mismatch hypothesis, using data from Census Long-Form respondents. We construct direct measures of the presence of jobs in detailed geographic areas, and find that these job density measures are related to employment of black male residents in ways that would be predicted by the spatial mismatch hypothesis - in particular that spatial mismatch is primarily an issue for low-skilled black male workers. We then look at racial mismatch, by estimating the effects of job density measures that are disaggregated by race. We find that it is primarily black job density that influences black male employment, where as white job density has little if any influence on their employment. This evidence implies that space alone plays a relatively minor role in low black male employment rates.
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