Change in Health Expectancy in the Canadian Population: 1994/95 - 2000/01

Posted: 20 Sep 2007

See all articles by Ruolz Ariste

Ruolz Ariste

Université Laval; Université du Quebec en Outaouais (UQO)

Date Written: May 26, 2003


With increasing life expectancy, lengthening working life may be an attractive idea for young seniors, as well as appealing to policymakers concerned with an increasing "dependency ratio" of non-workers to workers, if Canadians can expect to live in good health significantly beyond the age of retirement. Using a dichotomous health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure such as prevalence of disability at 65 years to weight life-years lived, some studies find that disability levels are quite low and decreasing, suggesting that health expectancy at 65 is increasing. Using new longitudinal data from four cycles of the National Population Health Survey (NPHS), we test whether this trend is apparent for all age groups, and when using a polychotomous HRQOL measure such as Health Utility Index. As expected, health expectancy is still increasing for both sexes. These findings apply to both the younger and the older population, although to a much less extent to older females. We also found some compression of morbidity for males, but some expansion of morbidity for older females.

Keywords: Life Expectancy, Health Adjusted Life Expectancy, Government Policy

JEL Classification: I12, I18

Suggested Citation

Ariste, Ruolz, Change in Health Expectancy in the Canadian Population: 1994/95 - 2000/01 (May 26, 2003). Available at SSRN:

Ruolz Ariste (Contact Author)

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4

Université du Quebec en Outaouais (UQO) ( email )

Case postale 1250
succursale Hull
Gatineau, Québec J8X 3X7

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