Labor Market Policy in Developing Countries: A Selective Review of the Literature and Needs for the Future

79 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Gary Fields

Gary Fields

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper presents a selective overview of the literature on modeling labor market policies in developing countries. It considers welfare economics, theoretical models, and empirical evidence to highlight the three general features needed in future research on labor market policy in developing countries. The author identifies desirable research components (welfare economics, theoretical modeling, and empirical modeling) and pitfalls in the literature (inappropriate use of productivity, reliance on wrong kinds of empirical studies, lack of cost-benefit analysis, attention to only a subset of the goods and bads, and fallacy of composition). The paper concludes with suggested topics and methods for future research. The author states that sound labor market policy requires sound labor market models. The paper makes a case for developing policy based on explicit evaluation criteria, specific theoretical models, and comprehensive empirical evidence.

Keywords: Labor Markets, Labor Policies, Markets and Market Access, Population Policies

Suggested Citation

Fields, Gary S., Labor Market Policy in Developing Countries: A Selective Review of the Literature and Needs for the Future (September 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4362, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1016258

Gary S. Fields (Contact Author)

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