Regulatory Intervention and the Effect of Changes in Corporate Governance on Firm Decisions and Market Reactions
University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP)
Stacy A. Mastrolia
Bucknell University - School of Management
October 10, 2008
Journal of Management and Governance, Forthcoming
This paper investigates whether Italian companies that cross-list in the United States between 1993 and 2005 show (i) a change in their internal policies as anticipated by the bonding hypothesis, (ii) an increase in market value, or (iii) an increase in the access to capital funds. We use the unique environment created by the 1998 Draghi reform which significantly improved the protection of Italian listed companies’ minority shareholders and we further examine the impact of legislated changes in corporate governance in Italy on the decision of Italian companies to cross-list in the United States.
Our results indicate that following the Draghi reform (i) firms that cross-list in the United States modify their dividend and cash policies as anticipated by the bonding hypothesis. Contrary to prior research, (ii) we do not find evidence that cross-listing serves to enhance shareholder value or (iii) is used as a vehicle to more easily access capital funds either before or after the domestic corporate governance is improved.
The results of this study provide evidence that country level legislative innovations intended to enhance a weak corporate governance system can be a valid and effective substitute to the bonding mechanism by providing an alternative signal of a firm’s quality.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 36
Keywords: Italy, ADR, cross-listing, investor protection, regulation change, corporate governance, bonding hypothesis, signaling
JEL Classification: G12, G34, G38, M41, M47
Date posted: September 27, 2007 ; Last revised: August 14, 2009