Unemployment Duration and Disability: Evidence from Portugal

22 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2007  

Dario Sciulli

University of the Azores

António Menezes

University of the Azores - Department of Economics and Business

José António Cabral Vieira

University of the Azores - Department of Economics and Business; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 2007

Abstract

In this paper we use Portuguese data on individual (multiple) unemployment spells and apply semi-parametric duration models to investigate the effects of different types of disabilities on (re)employment probabilities. We find that disabled persons with muscular, skeletal, geriatric and sensorial problems experience the longest unemployment spells. Organic (blind, deaf or linguistic) disabilities also significantly reduce the probability of finding a job, while intellectual or psychological disabilities do not. We also find that having previous employment experience and vocational training raise the probability of leaving unemployment into employment. Negative duration dependence and unobserved heterogeneity are also found in the data. Policies that seek to promote job accessibility should take into account the heterogeneous nature of the effects of different disabilities on reemployment.

Keywords: unemployment duration, disability, hazard models

JEL Classification: J64, I12, C41

Suggested Citation

Sciulli, Dario and Menezes, António and Cabral Vieira, José António, Unemployment Duration and Disability: Evidence from Portugal (September 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 3028. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1017479

Dario Sciulli

University of the Azores ( email )

P.O. Box 1422
9501-801 Ponta Delgada
Portugal

António Gomes de Menezes

University of the Azores - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

9501-801 Ponta Delgada Azores
Portugal
+351 96 745 1177 (Phone)
+351 29 665 0083 (Fax)

José António Cabral Vieira (Contact Author)

University of the Azores - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

9501-801 Ponta Delgada Azores
Portugal

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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