The Commerciality Doctrine as Applied to the Charitable Tax Exemption for Homes for the Aged - State and Local Perspectives
David A. Brennen
University of Kentucky - College of Law
Fordham Law Review, Vol. 75, 2007
This Essay examines the question of how state and local government officials should consider federal tax law principles, like the commerciality doctrine, when they challenge state and local property tax exemptions that rely, at least in part, on tax-exempt charitable status for federal income tax purposes. In particular, the Essay uses the example of Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC's) to consider tax-exempt law's commerciality doctrine in an attempt to discern distinctions between "homes for the aged" that are "charitable" (and thus entitled to exemption) and those that are too commercial and, thus, not entitled to exemption. In fact, one might say that this issue of the tax exemption eligibility of CCRC's is a version of John Colombo's quandary about the commerciality doctrine in general - "when . . . commercial activity will be considered 'in furtherance of' an exempt purpose as opposed to simply 'primarily' operating a business." Ideally, these distinctions between exempt and non-exempt homes for the aged should be helpful to state and local tax officials who, in the face of shrinking revenues and increasing expenses, seek to deny tax exempt status to "homes for the aged" that are charitable primarily because they look commercialized and do not necessarily serve the poor.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: aging, nonprofit, tax exempt, corporation, elderly, commerciality doctrine, state and local tax
Date posted: October 3, 2007