Compulsion in Active Labour Market Programs
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-74
27 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2007
Date Written: September 2007
This paper is on compulsion in active labour market programs (ALMP). When an unemployed worker has to participate in a programme order to remain eligible for benefits there are two separate effects. First, there is the treatment effect, i.e. the program makes the worker more attractive for a potential employer or makes search more efficient thus helping the unemployed worker to find a job more quickly. Second, there is the compulsion effect, i.e. because the worker has to attend the program his value of being unemployed drops and he is stimulated to find a job more quickly. So, both effects induce the worker to find a job more quickly. The difference between the treatment effect and the compulsion effect concerns the quality of the postunemployment job. The treatment effect improves the quality; the compulsion effect lowers the quality of postunemployment jobs.
Keywords: compulsion, active labour market policies
JEL Classification: J64, J68
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation