The Economics of Female Genital Cutting

36 Pages Posted: 26 Dec 2007 Last revised: 2 Jul 2008

Tatyana Chesnokova

University of Auckland - Department of Economics

Rhema Vaithianathan

University of Auckland

Date Written: December 2007

Abstract

The practice of female genital cutting (FGC) has a long history in Africa and it is thought that over 130 million females alive today have undergone the practice. In this paper we argue that FGC is a pre-marital investment. We analyze data from Burkina Faso and find that FGC is correlated with better marital outcomes. Circumcised women marry earlier, live in wealthier households and are more likely to be the first wife in a polygamous household. We also find evidence that rates have been declining steadily since anti-FGC campaigns commenced in 1985. We develop a theoretical model and show that society might get trapped into an inefficiently high FGC equilibrium due to the rat-race nature of the marriage market. We argue that in this case regulation results in a (potential) Pareto improvement, and that even weak regulation can be effective in eradicating FGC.

Keywords: Female Genital Cutting, Marriage, Premarital Investment

JEL Classification: O12, O55, J12

Suggested Citation

Chesnokova, Tatyana and Vaithianathan, Rhema, The Economics of Female Genital Cutting (December 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1019122 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1019122

Tatyana Chesnokova (Contact Author)

University of Auckland - Department of Economics ( email )

Private Bag 92019
Auckland
New Zealand

Rhema Vaithianathan

University of Auckland ( email )

Private Bag 92019
Com. A, Room: 107
Auckland
New Zealand
64-9-373-7599 ext. 7127 (Phone)

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