Biodiversity, International Tourism and Development

25 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2007

See all articles by Andreas Freytag

Andreas Freytag

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena - Economics Department

Christoph Vietze

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

Date Written: May 2007


We analyze whether biodiversity is increasing the receipts of tourism and beneficial for Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The underlying assumption is that a rich biodiversity provides a comparative advantage for most LDCs. We use a simple trade theory framework. The model is supported by an empirical analysis. The main findings are that first LDCs seem to have a comparative advantage in (sustainable) tourism, that second incidence of birds as the probably best explored taxonomic group has a positive impact on inbound tourism receipts per capita, and that third the rate of endangered to total birds is negatively influencing tourism receipts.

Keywords: tourism, economic growth, biodiversity conservation

JEL Classification: F18, Q26

Suggested Citation

Freytag, Andreas and Vietze, Christoph, Biodiversity, International Tourism and Development (May 2007). Jena Economic Research Paper No. 2007-012, Available at SSRN: or

Andreas Freytag (Contact Author)

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena - Economics Department ( email )

Carl-Zeiss-Str. 3
07743 Jena

Christoph Vietze

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena ( email )

Furstengraben 1
Jena, Thuringa 07743

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