Alien Torts in Europe? Human Rights and Tort in European Law

78 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2008 Last revised: 1 Feb 2015

See all articles by Eric Engle

Eric Engle

Date Written: 1 1, 2005


Human rights are universally recognized. Their enforcement, however, often requires the action of particular states. This paper examines private law remedies in tort in several Member states of the European Union to remedy human rights violations occurring outside the European Union. It concludes that the laws examined are examples of universal jurisdiction and rights and duties of private persons under international law, which are two key elements of the post-Westphalian state system.

Keywords: alien, tort, statute, ATS, claims, ATCA, EU, EC, EEC, action, civil

JEL Classification: K13, K33

Suggested Citation

Engle, Eric, Alien Torts in Europe? Human Rights and Tort in European Law (1 1, 2005). ZERP-Diskussionspapier No. 1/20; Zentum Fuer Europaeische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) - Center for European Economic Research. Available at SSRN:

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