Antitrust Analysis of Sports Leagues
347 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2007
Date Written: October 12, 2007
I present an overview of the antitrust literature on sports leagues, with particular emphasis on the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Football League, Major League Baseball, the National Basketball Association, and the National Hockey League, as well as on sanctioning organizations such as NASCAR. I review the major antitrust court decisions, the commentaries of the leading antitrust experts on these decisions, and the extensive sports economics literature touching on issues raised in these cases, particularly empirical studies assessing the anticompetitive and procompetitive effects of various league rules and policies. I also review the broader industrial organization literature on issues such as factors affecting the stability of joint ventures. I conclude with a summary of proposals for addressing the monopoly power of sports leagues.
Keywords: antitrust, sports leagues, NCAA, NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, NASCAR
JEL Classification: D21, D40, D42, K21, L10, L12, L40, L83
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