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Signed Under Protest: A Database of Presidential Signing Statements, 2001-2006

178 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2007  

Neil Kinkopf

Georgia State University - College of Law

Peter M. Shane

Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law

Date Written: October 2007

Abstract

The authors have compiled a data set that chronicles the Bush Administration's unique signing statement campaign. With regard to laws enacted between 2001 and 2006, President Bush objected to 1047 provisions embodied in 118 statutes. Objections to a number of these provisions were stated on multiple grounds. If one counts as an objection each precise ground on which the President registered concern about a provision of law, then the 1047 or so provisions at issue elicited 1430 objections. To help in the analysis of the President's objections, they classify the objections according to 23 general bases upon which they were stated. Although these are plainly overlapping, especially with regard to objections based on the unitary executive, Article II, and the separation of powers, the authors have tried to reflect as many distinct grounds for objection as appear in the signing statements themselves.

JEL Classification: K10, K30, K40

Suggested Citation

Kinkopf, Neil and Shane, Peter M., Signed Under Protest: A Database of Presidential Signing Statements, 2001-2006 (October 2007). Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 106. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1022202 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1022202

Neil Kinkopf

Georgia State University - College of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 4037
Atlanta, GA 30302-4037
United States

Peter M. Shane (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law ( email )

55 West 12th Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

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