Unternehmer und Grundherren Nord-Nigerias im Kampf um die politische Macht - Zum sozialen Aufstieg der Einheimischen Wirtschaftselite in den nigerianischen Emiraten (Entrepreneurs and Landlords of Northern Nigeria in the Fight for Political Power - On the Social Ascent of the Indigenous Economic Elite in the Nigerian Emirates)

Afrika Spectrum, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 269-286, 1978

18 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2007 Last revised: 4 Jan 2018

See all articles by Dirk Kohnert

Dirk Kohnert

GIGA - Hamburg, Institute of African Affairs

Date Written: 1978

Abstract

The traditional relationship of patronage and clientship between the landlord- and the growing commercial class in Bida and other Nigerian Emirates - firmly established during the 19th century - left indelible marks which influence the pattern of social communication between these two classes even today. Up to the fifties of the present century there existed a strong interdependence between the landed aristocrats - dominant in government and Native Administration - and the rich merchant-traders who took up the burden to act as " bankers of the traditional leisured class in order to promote their own social status. The indigenous entrepreneurs gradually became more independent as the traditional rulers had to offer popular businessmen participation in political organisations to counteract the increasing resistance of the talakawa (the commoners) against the emirate system during the era of formal democracy (1954-1966). The national bourgeoisie of the North seized this opportunity to call for a higher degree of protection both against the more successful merchant-capital of the South and the powerful foreign companies which at that time dominated nearly all of the profitable sectors of investment either in trade or in industry. Far from being a fetter to the growth of a new class of Nigerian entrepreneurs, the traditionally minded landlords - side by side with the indigenous merchant-traders - secured a remarkably high degree of economic growth and independence during the past two decades in the North, compared with other parts of Nigeria

Note: Downloadable document is in German.

Keywords: economic history, economic development & cultural change, rural capitalism, Africa, Northern Nigeria

JEL Classification: N47, O12, O17

Suggested Citation

Kohnert, Dirk, Unternehmer und Grundherren Nord-Nigerias im Kampf um die politische Macht - Zum sozialen Aufstieg der Einheimischen Wirtschaftselite in den nigerianischen Emiraten (Entrepreneurs and Landlords of Northern Nigeria in the Fight for Political Power - On the Social Ascent of the Indigenous Economic Elite in the Nigerian Emirates) (1978). Afrika Spectrum, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 269-286, 1978. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1022318

Dirk Kohnert (Contact Author)

GIGA - Hamburg, Institute of African Affairs ( email )

German Inst. of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
Neuer Jungfernstieg 21
D-20354 Hamburg
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://dirk2011.jimdo.com/

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