Finding Optimal Agent-Based Models
Center on Social and Economic Dynamics Working Paper No. 49
16 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2007
Date Written: September 2007
This paper applies standard maximum likelihood (ML) techniques to find an optimal agent-based model (ABM), where optimal could refer to replicating a pattern or matching observed data. Because ML techniques produce a covariance matrix for the parameter estimates, the method here provides a means of determining to which parameters and conditions the ABM is sensitive, and which have limited effect on the outcome. Because the search method and the space of models searched is explicitly specified, the derivation of the final ABM is transparent and replicable. Hypotheses regarding parameters can be tested using standard likelihood ratio methods.
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