The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review

51 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2007

See all articles by Jeffrey Grogger

Jeffrey Grogger

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Lynn A. Karoly

RAND Corporation - Santa Monica CA Offices

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2007

Abstract

Transfer payments to poor families are increasingly conditioned on work, either via wage subsidies available only to workers or via work requirements in more traditional welfare programs. Although the effects of such programs on employment are fairly well understood, relatively little is known about their effects on marriage or child well-being. The authors review a small number of studies that provide such information here. Their discussion of marriage is couched in terms of a theoretical model that draws from the efficient-household literature. The model is consistent with the wide range of effects that they observe and suggests an explanation for some of the observed differences. The theoretical framework in which they couch their review of results on children is likewise consistent with the observed variation between programs and among children of different ages.

Keywords: welfare programs, child development, marriage

JEL Classification: I38, J12

Suggested Citation

Grogger, Jeffrey T. and Karoly, Lynn A., The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review (August 2007). RAND Working Paper No. WR-531. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1024792 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1024792

Jeffrey T. Grogger (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Lynn A. Karoly

RAND Corporation - Santa Monica CA Offices ( email )

P.O. Box 2138
1776 Main Street
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

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