Never Say Never? Uncovering the Never-Unionized in the United States
43 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2007
Date Written: October 17, 2007
At any given time, workers can be currently-unionized, formerly-unionized, or never-unionized. Research frequently focuses on the currently-unionized, but using 21 waves of NLSY79 data to track individuals starting at age 15 and 16, this paper shows that half of U.S. workers who are 40 or 41 years old in 2004 were once unionized, and another third have never been unionized. An analysis of the demographic and labor market characteristics of the never-unionized further suggests two types of never-unionized workers - those that stem from a lack of supply of unionized jobs, and those that stem from a lack of demand.
Keywords: union membership
JEL Classification: J50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation