Traditional Paradigms for the Causes of War Applied to the International Trading System: Nation-State Institutions in a World of Market-States
TRADE AS THE GUARANTOR OF PEACE, LIBERTY AND SECURITY: CRITICAL, HISTORICAL AND EMPIRICAL PERSPECTIVES, Padideh Alai, Tomer Broude & Colin Picker, eds., pp. 178-91, ACIL Press, 2006
11 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2007
This chapter appears in a book published by the American Society of International Law as part of their Studies in Transnational Legal Policy Series, Trade as the Guarantor of Peace, Liberty and Security: Critical, Historical and Empirical Perspectives (American society of International Law Press, Studies in Transnational Legal Policy: A Series of Books) (2006) (Padideh Alai, Tomer Broude & Colin B. Picker, eds.). It explores the question in the context of a comparative analysis of two seminal works on this subject: one written at the beginning of the Cold War, Kenneth Waltz's "Man, the State, and War: A Theoretical Analysis"; the other written at the end of the Cold War, Philip Bobbitt's "The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace, and the Course of History." The paper analyzes these two texts for what they reveal about the changing features of the study of the relation between trade and peace across this era. It goes on to identify the competing normative commitments of the two authors in respect of the role of freedom and human will in the relationship between trade and peace, which frame and limit the utility of their analyses. Relying on the work of political economist and moral theorist Albert Hirschman, the paper concludes by arguing that useful discussion about the relationship between peace and trade requires more explicit analysis of the value premises as to the nature of human goods underlying how questions concerning the relationship between trade and peace are framed.
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