Measuring Ethnic Identity and its Impact on Economic Behavior
25 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2007
Date Written: September 2007
The paper advocates for a new measure of the ethnic identity of migrants, models its determinants and explores its explanatory power for various types of their economic performance. The ethnosizer, a measure of the intensity of a person's ethnic identity, is constructed from information on the following elements: language, culture, societal interaction, history of migration, and ethnic self-identification. A two-dimensional concept of the ethnosizer classifies migrants into four states: integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization. The ethnosizer largely depends on pre-migration characteristics. Empirical evidence studying economic behavior like work participation, earnings and housing decisions demonstrates the significant relevance of ethnic identity for economic outcomes.
Keywords: ethnicity, ethnic identity, acculturation, migrant assimilation, migrant integration, work, cultural economics
JEL Classification: F22, J15, J16, Z10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation