Are Athletes Doped? Some Theoretical Arguments and Empirical Evidence

12 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2007

See all articles by Alexander Dilger

Alexander Dilger

University of Münster

Bernd Frick

University of Witten/Herdecke - Institute of Economics and Business Administration

Frank Tolsdorf

University of Witten/Herdecke - Institute of Economics and Business Administration

Abstract

Sports fans all over the world have recently witnessed an increasing number of spectacular doping cases, leading to considerable annoyance in the public. However, our knowledge regarding the prevalence of doping is still quite limited, leading some people to speculate that (nearly) all professional athletes are doped and possibly even have to be doped to be good enough to compete successfully in highly selective tournaments. On the other hand, particularly representatives of the sports associations pretend that since the number of positively tested athletes remains small, there are only a few "black sheep", while in general, the world of sport is clean and fair. In the recent past, a number of theoretical models have been developed that can be empirically tested, which, in the end, may lead to the formulation of policy recommendations (ranging from higher sanctions to legalizing doping). We review the more important models and present anecdotal as well as some quantitative empirical evidence on the prevalence as well as the determinants of doping.

Suggested Citation

Dilger, Alexander and Frick, Bernd and Tolsdorf, Frank, Are Athletes Doped? Some Theoretical Arguments and Empirical Evidence. Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 604-615, October 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1026117 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7287.2007.00076.x

Alexander Dilger (Contact Author)

University of Münster ( email )

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Bernd Frick

University of Witten/Herdecke - Institute of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

D-58448 Witten
Germany

Frank Tolsdorf

University of Witten/Herdecke - Institute of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

D-58448 Witten
Germany

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