Leverage and Pricing in Buyouts: An Empirical Analysis*
48 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2007
Date Written: August 2007
This paper provides an empirical analysis of the financial structure of large recent buyouts. We collect detailed information of the financings of 153 large buyouts (averaging over $1 billion in enterprise value). We document the manner in which these important transactions are financed. Buyout leverage is cross-sectionally unrelated to the leverage of matched public firms, and is largely driven by other factors than what explains leverage in public firms. In particular, the economy-wide cost of borrowing seems to drive both leverage and pricing in buyouts. These results are consistent with a view in which the availability of financing impacts booms and busts in the private equity market.
Keywords: Private equity, capital structure, buyouts
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