Why do ICDPs Fail? The Relationship Between Agriculture, Hunting and Ecotourism in Wildlife Conservation

37 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2007 Last revised: 12 Jan 2011

Ralph Winkler

University of Bern - Department of Economics; University of Bern - Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research

Date Written: January 19, 2010

Abstract

We analyze why integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) fail to achieve their conservation goals. We develop a bio-economic model of open access habitat and wildlife exploitation, which is consistent with farming and hunting societies living in close proximity to forest reserves in developing countries. We show that the ICDP creates incentives to conserve habitat and wildlife, but socially optimal levels of conservation cannot be achieved, because of externalities among the local communities. We show how a social planner can achieve the socially optimal levels of habitat and wildlife by a more encompassing tax subsidy regime.

Keywords: bio-economic modelling, competing land-use, ecotourism, integrated conservation and development projects, poaching, wildlife and habitat conservation

JEL Classification: Q56, O13, H23

Suggested Citation

Winkler, Ralph, Why do ICDPs Fail? The Relationship Between Agriculture, Hunting and Ecotourism in Wildlife Conservation (January 19, 2010). Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 55-78, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1027578

Ralph Winkler (Contact Author)

University of Bern - Department of Economics ( email )

Schanzeneckstrasse 1
Bern, 3001
Switzerland
+41 31 631 4508 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ralph-winkler.de

University of Bern - Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research ( email )

Zähringerstrasse 25
Bern, 3012
Switzerland

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