The Relation between Child Labour and Mothers' Work: The Case of India

36 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2007

See all articles by Francesca Francavilla

Francesca Francavilla

University of Florence

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: October 2007

Abstract

The paper deals with child labour in developing countries. We address a problem that has recently drawn much attention at the international level, that is, how to invest in women's rights to advance the rights of both women and children. We study the problem from a new perspective. In our theoretical model we assume that the child's time is an extension of her/his mother's time, and that she has to decide how to allocate it. We estimate two empirical specifications, both multinomial logit. The first one, in line with the standard approach in the literature, estimates a model of the probability of the different child's states, conditional on her/his mother's states. The second empirical specification, in line with our theoretical model, estimates the mother-child states jointly. Using a unique, rich and representative data survey for all Indian states and for urban and rural India (NFHS-2, 1998/9), we select our sample drawing information from the household data set and the women's data set. Our results show that the presence of the mother in the family increases children welfare, in terms of educational opportunities and protection from work activities. All our results indicate that the mother tends to stay home and send her children to school the better is the father's employment position and the wealthier is the family. However, we observe a perverse effect. If the mother works, since female job quality and wage levels are very low, also her children have a higher probability to work.

Keywords: child labour, education, women's work, time allocation, India

JEL Classification: J13, J22, O15, O18

Suggested Citation

Francavilla, Francesca and Giannelli, Gianna Claudia, The Relation between Child Labour and Mothers' Work: The Case of India (October 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 3099. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1028212

Francesca Francavilla (Contact Author)

University of Florence ( email )

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato ( email )

Via S. Caterina d'Alessandria 3
Firenze 50129
Italy
+39-055-4622926 (Phone)
+39-055-472102 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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