Changes in the Relative Economic Performance of Immigrants to Great Britain and the United States, 1980-2000

28 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2007

See all articles by John T. Schmitt

John T. Schmitt

Center for Economic and Policy Research

Jonathan Wadsworth

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; William Davidson Institute; Royal Holloway College University of London

Abstract

We compare the relative labour market performance of immigrants in the USA and in Britain over the period 1980-2000, when the stocks of immigrants were rising in both countries alongside differential shifts in demand and changes to labour market institutions. We find that the average relative employment prospects of immigrants are generally better in the USA than in Britain, particularly for non-white immigrants, while the average relative wage prospects for immigrants are generally better in Britain, particularly for men. Over time, relative wage and employment prospects for immigrants to the USA appear to have deteriorated, particularly among women, in a way that is not as apparent in Britain.

Suggested Citation

Schmitt, John T. and Wadsworth, Jonathan, Changes in the Relative Economic Performance of Immigrants to Great Britain and the United States, 1980-2000. British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 45, Issue 4, pp. 659-686, December 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1028381 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8543.2007.00646.x

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