Residual Income and Value Creation: An Investigation into the Lost-Capital Paradigm
European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 201, No. 2, pp. 505-519, 2010
34 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2007 Last revised: 29 Nov 2009
Date Written: November 13, 2007
This paper presents a new way of measuring residual income, originally introduced by Magni (2000a,b,c, 2001a,b, 2003). Contrary to the standard residual income, the capital charge is equal to the capital lost by investors. The lost capital may be viewed as (a) the foregone capital, (b) the capital implicitly infused into the business, (c) the outstanding capital of a shadow project, (d) the claimholders' credit. Relations of the lost capital with book values and market values are studied, as well as relations of the lost-capital residual income with the classical standard paradigm; many appealing properties are derived, among which an aggregation property. Different concepts and results, provided by different authors in such different fields as economic theory, management accounting and corporate finance, are considered: O'Hanlon and Peasnell's (2002) unrecovered capital and Excess Value Created; Ohlson's (2005) Abnormal Earnings Growth; O'Byrne's (1997) EVA improvement; Miller and Modigliani's (1961) investment opportunities approach to valuation; Young and O'Byrne's (2001) Adjusted EVA; Keynes's (1936) user cost; Drukarczyk and Schueler's (2000) Net Economic Income; Fernandez's (2002) Created Shareholder Value; Anthony's (1975) profit. They are all conveniently reinterpreted within the theoretical domain of the lost-capital paradigm and conjoined in a unified view. The results found make this new theoretical approach a good candidate for firm valuation, capital budgeting decision-making, managerial incentives and control.
Keywords: Management accounting, corporate finance, residual income, value creation, incentive compensation, outstanding
JEL Classification: D40, D46, G11, G12, G30, G31, M21, M40, M41, M52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation