Popular Election of the President: Using or Abusing the Electoral College?
Jennifer S. Hendricks
University of Colorado Law School
July 1, 2008
Election Law Journal, Vol. 7, p. 218, 2008
University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper No. 83
Last year, Maryland became the first state to adopt the Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote. It was joined early this year by New Jersey. If enough states sign on to this agreement to control the Electoral College, they will all pledge their electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the national popular vote, without regard to which candidate won in each individual state. The compact would effectively supersede the Electoral College and implement popular election of the president without amending the Constitution. Political supporters of the Agreement have been curiously reticent to discuss the validity of the Agreement under Article I, section 10. Although some similar proposals would be invalid under section 10, the Agreement adopted in Maryland does not abuse the structure of the Electoral College, nor does it disrupt the balance of power among the states or between the states and the national government. The Agreement is therefore permissible and probably does not even require congressional consent.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 18
Keywords: Electoral College, national popular vote, interstate compact, bloc voting, unit rule
Date posted: November 17, 2007 ; Last revised: October 28, 2009