The Underlying Return-Generating Factors for REIT Returns: An Application of Independent Component Analysis
30 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2007
Multifactor approaches to real estate returns have emphasized a macro-variables approach in preference to the latent factor approach originally used in arbitrage pricing theory. Use of high-frequency data, trading strategies and growing emphasis on the risks of extreme events makes the macrovariable procedure problematic. This article explores an alternative to the principal components analysis approach: independent components analysis (ICA). ICA seeks independence and maximizes a chosen risk parameter. We apply an ICA procedure based on a kurtosis maximization algorithm to real estate investment trust (REIT) data. The results show that ICA successfully captures kurtosis characteristics of REIT returns, offering possibilities for developing of risk management strategies that are sensitive to extreme events and tail distributions, augmenting traditional meanvariance approaches.
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