Market Reform, Regional Energy and Popular Representation: Evidence from Post-Soviet Russia
Posted: 1 Jul 2008
Date Written: November 18, 2007
This article investigates the relative impact of regional energy production on the energy voting choices of State Duma deputies between 1994 and 2003, controlling for other factors such as party affiliation, electoral mandate, committee membership and socio-demographic parameters. We apply Poole's optimal classification method of roll call votes using an ordered probit model to explain energy market reform in the first decade of Russia's democratic transition. Our main finding is that the gas production factor is intertemporally important in the formation of the deputies' legislative choices and shows Gazprom's strategic position in the post-Soviet Russian economy. The oil production factor is variably significant in the two first Dumas, when the main legislative debates on oil privatization occur. The energy committee membership tends to consistently explain pro-reform voting choices. The pro-and anti-reform poles observed in our Poole-based single dimensional scale are not necessarily connected with liberal and state-oriented policies respectively.
Keywords: energy regulation, market reform, energy resources, roll call votes, legislative politics, State Duma, Russia
JEL Classification: Q40, D72, K23, P27, P37, P31, R11
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