'Why Be Moral': Buddhism and Social Ethics
History Of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture, Vol. 6, No. 2, p. 147, 2005
23 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2007
Of the many ethical theories that emerged in India, I have centered my discussion on Buddhist ethics for certain specific reasons. Schools like Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Samkhya were more valued for their esoteric contributions. In these philosophical works, ethics was appended to the main body text of epistemology and metaphysics as a pathway for human salvation. On the other hand the primary objective of Buddhist philosophy was to develop an orderly system whereby congeniality between individuals are maintained through harmonious co-existence. Metaphysical and epistemological theories in Buddhism were intended to justify its ethical views.
Keywords: Buddhism, social ethics, morality
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