Determinants of the Performance of Banks in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Monetary Authority Working Paper Series No. 06/2007
18 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2007
Date Written: April 25, 2007
This paper develops a model to identify the major determinants of a bank's profit, and the general level of profitability of a banking market. It found that in Hong Kong's case, market structure, such as market concentration and market shares of banks, is not a major contributory factor. Cost efficiency of banks, which measures the ability of banks to optimise their input mix for producing outputs, is a major determinant of banks' profitability. Since larger banks are found to be in general more cost efficient than smaller banks in our previous study on banks' efficiency, larger banks can offer services at lower prices to compete with smaller banks, yet attaining a similar or even higher level of profits. Smaller banks may, therefore, be more vulnerable to intense competitions in the loan market than larger banks, particularly in cut-throat price wars.
Keywords: Profitability, Price, Hong Kong Banking, Bank efficiency, Market structure
JEL Classification: G14, G21, G28, L11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation