130/30 Funds: What is Behind the Commercial Offensive?
10 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2007
Date Written: October 2007
High-conviction funds, beta-one funds, short extension funds, limited-shorting funds, long-enhanced funds, active extension funds, hedge-fund lite: there is a wide range of terms for what is most frequently called 130/30. Broadly, this strategy initially invests 100% in an index, sells short 30%, and uses the proceeds from the shorts to buy an additional 30% likely to beat the benchmark.
In this paper, we examine some crucial points related to these funds: their theoretical foundation, the optimal level of shorting, the distinction between the quantitative and fundamental approaches, whether these funds are natural extensions of long-only funds, and finally the risk of neglecting their risk.
Keywords: performance, 130/30, long/short, alpha, shorting
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