The Impact of Volatility Derivatives on S&P500 Volatility
Journal of Futures Markets, Vol. 29, pp. 1190-1213, 2009
Posted: 27 Nov 2007 Last revised: 15 Apr 2010
Date Written: July 2, 2009
This study investigates whether the newly cultivated platform of volatility derivatives has altered the volatility of the underlying S&P500 index. The findings suggest that the onset of the volatility derivatives trading has lowered the volatility of both the cash market volatility and the cash market index, and significantly reduced the impact of shocks to volatility. When big sudden events hit financial markets, however, the volatility of volatility seems to elevate in the US equity market as a result of increased global correlations. Regardless of the period under examination and the estimator employed, long-run volatility persistence is present. The latter drops significantly when the credit crunch period is excluded from the post-event date sample period. The correlation between the broad equity index and return volatility remains low, which in turn strengthens the role of volatility derivatives to facilitate portfolio diversification. The analysis also shows that volatility is mean reverting, while market data support the impact of information asymmetries on conditional volatility. In the post-event date phase, no asymmetries are found when the recent crisis is not accounted for. Finally, comparisons with other international equity indices, with no volatility derivatives listed, unveil that these indices exhibit higher volatility and slower recovery from shocks than the S&P500 index.
Keywords: Conditional volatility, Volatility derivatives, Information asymmetries, TGARCH modeling, S&P500 spot volatility
JEL Classification: C22, G14, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation