Globalization and Its Impact on the Tourism-Labor Relationship
International Scientific Conference Faculty of Economics, South-West University of Neofit Rilsky, Tourism in the New Millenium, June 18-20, 2007 Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
Posted: 27 Nov 2007 Last revised: 8 Mar 2008
Tourism, as economic activity, comprises an array of services deriving from basic ones: information, tourist trip placement, accommodation, food item, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage retailing, treatments supplied by various spas, as well as leisure and entertainment services.
Tourist demanded is covered also through the balanced and complex combination of activities in other economic fields, such as: construction works, power and heating industries, car-manufacturing, electronics and electro-techniques, wood processing, fabrics, agriculture, transports, trade, communications, culture, health care, etc.
Covering tourist needs, the needs of large social segments entails a whole set of processes and relationships that provide tourism with the traits of a distinctive field of activity that must be permanently adapted to the change occurring in economic-social life, tightly correlated with other economic field, due to the complexity and dynamism of this increasingly specific phenomenon of modern civilization.
As with any field of activity, the field of services has evolved from initial forms of completing primary activities to the current structures, characterized by a maximum usefulness for individuals and society.
The activities and the operations that are specific to tourism are submitted to the process of automation and technicalism at a rate by far below in comparison with the one in the other fields of activity. At the same time, this field has a special capability of catching the living work excess from the other branches and sectors of activity. Within this context, the tourism is designated as the biggest consumer of work force, implicitly of creating new jobs.
The establishment of the relationship between tourism - work force represents the essence of confirmation of this field's role regarding: the occupation and the redistribution of the work force, the level of instruction and qualification of the work force, the decrease of the unemployment from the other activity sectors.
Within the paper, it is emphasized the trend of the work force which is occupied in the units that render services, of laying stress upon the specialization, as well as of accumulating experience, preparation and refreshment courses for a relative large amount of staff, achieved by the means of the institutions set up with this purpose.
Keywords: globalization, tourist demand, tourist supply, tourism-labor relationship
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