Commitment or Control? Human Resource Management Practices in Female and Male-Led Businesses
36 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2007
Date Written: October 30, 2007
This paper investigates the commitment-orientation of HRM practices in female- and male-led firms. A distinction is made between emphasizing commitment or control in the design of HRM practices. To test for gender differences use is made of a sample of 555 Dutch firms. Contrary to what is generally believed it is found that – when controlled for relevant factors related to the business (e.g., firm size, age, sector) – HRM in female-led firms is more control-oriented than that in male-led firms. More specifically, female-led firms are more likely to be characterized by fixed and clearly defined tasks, centralized decision-making and direct supervision of the production process.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, gender, human resource management, commitment, control
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