Transforming Disadvantages into Advantages: Developing-Country MNEs in the Least Developed Countries
Journal of International Business Studies, 2008
27 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2007
We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of developing-country multinational enterprises (MNEs) in comparison to developed-country MNEs. Developing-country MNEs tend to be less competitive than developed country counterparts, partly because they suffer the disadvantage of operating in home countries with underdeveloped institutions. We argue that this disadvantage can become an advantage when both types of MNEs operate in countries with difficult governance conditions because developing-country MNEs are used to operating in such conditions. The empirical analysis shows that although developing-country MNEs rarely appear among the largest MNEs in the world, they are more prevalent among the largest foreign firms in the least developed countries (LDCs), especially in LDCs with poorer regulatory quality and lower control of corruption.
Keywords: multinational enterprises, competitive advantage, competitive disadvantage, least developed countries, governance, institutions
JEL Classification: F23, M21
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