Who Will Be an Entrepreneur? How Cultural Mechanisms and Social Network Structure Together Influence Entrepreneurial Participation

Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) 2007

Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007

16 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2007

See all articles by Kim Klyver

Kim Klyver

University of Southern Denmark

Kevin Hindle

Swinburne University of Technology

Thomas Schøtt

University of Southern Denmark

Abstract

Using data collected from 35 countries over five years, this study provides an investigation of the combined influence of cultural factors and social network structure on whether or not an individual, anywhere in the world, becomes an entrepreneur. Results show that knowing someone who has started a business recently, across the world, has a significant impact on entrepreneurship participation. Regarding the potential cultural influences, it seems that importance attached to personally knowing entrepreneurs differs significantly between individuals operating in different cultures. In cultures with high power distance, personally knowing a person who recently started a business is relatively less important as a driver of entrepreneurship participation compared to cultures with low power distance. On the other hand, in cultures where the Hofstede's 'masculinity' construct predominates, it is more important than in cultures characterised by 'femininity'.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship

JEL Classification: M13

Suggested Citation

Klyver, Kim and Hindle, Kevin and Schøtt, Thomas, Who Will Be an Entrepreneur? How Cultural Mechanisms and Social Network Structure Together Influence Entrepreneurial Participation. Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) 2007; Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1060001

Kim Klyver (Contact Author)

University of Southern Denmark ( email )

Campusvej 55
DK-5230 Odense, 5000
Denmark

Kevin Hindle

Swinburne University of Technology ( email )

Cnr Wakefield and William Streets, Hawthorn Victor
3122 Victoria, Victoria 3122
Australia

Thomas Schøtt

University of Southern Denmark ( email )

Campusvej 55
DK-5230 Odense, 5000
Denmark

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