Institutional Logics: Gender and Business Creation Across Gem Countries

Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) 2007

Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007

15 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2007

See all articles by Amanda Elam

Amanda Elam

Babson College CWEL

Siri A. Terjesen

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH); American University

Abstract

Building on theories of practice, cultural difference and institutional welfare regimes, we explore how gendered entrepreneurship rates are affected by both soft (values, beliefs, and expectations) and hard (institutionalized norms and practices) measures of culture. Using 2001 GEM data, we examine how institutional arrangements related to women's employment (role of occupational segregation, gender wage inequality, female business leadership and public childcare support) interact with individual-level perceptions in ways that increase women's start-up across thirteen countries. Results suggest that gender wage inequality has a direct effect on the decision to start a business, while industry structure and the presence of childcare may influence the decision to start a business indirectly through perceptions and gender.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship

JEL Classification: M13

Suggested Citation

Elam, Amanda and Terjesen, Siri A., Institutional Logics: Gender and Business Creation Across Gem Countries. Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) 2007; Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1060201

Amanda Elam (Contact Author)

Babson College CWEL ( email )

United States
9192702744 (Phone)
9192702744 (Fax)

Siri A. Terjesen

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

American University ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

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